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 Pen And Ink

How to Do a Pen and Ink Drawing!

By Anna Meenaghan

Where to start? Well, you could start by purchasing just an ordinary black pen with a fibre tip. These are stocked in all stationers, art shops etc, they are very cheap, but they will do the job.

They are so easy to carry around and will achieve many different strokes. Depending, of course, on how much pressure you apply to the nib itself. As for subject choice to draw, probably something small to start with. Leaves are good for the detail, eggs, pebbles or stones from the garden or beach, even shells. Anything like this would do nicely.

Now you need to create a form and lay a texture. What do we mean by this? You can lay a few dots, lines, dashes, all with more or less pressure giving a rough outline. For example, with your marks close together it will appear darker in intensity. If you want it really dark you can Cross Hatch.

What is Cross Hatching? This is when you draw a set of lines, then do another set of lines across them, going the other way. This will give you very dark areas. You can also obtain a rounded effect by making it darker on any dip of a curve of any sort and then lighter as it comes out of the curve itself.

How about adding a wash to your work! Pen and Wash, you will find, works well on quite a few types of paper. Pens are okay on smooth or shiny surface paper. Washes look good on heavier grained papers.

So, now you have done your sketching with your pen, now for paints. Block watercolour paints are ideal diluted with water. Keep your wash thin, otherwise you may block the lines of your drawing. Remember the light will reflect from the white paper.

Some people use water soluble pens for the original line drawing so it will seep into the wash. As for paints, if you use block paints, these will slot into your palette. This is sensible as you can always replace them. These palettes are ideal as you can also mix your paint on them, have them at your side, enabling you to work quickly.

Washes are not needed to be particularly accurate. When one colour runs into another, it can often add to the effect and become an advantage. Mistakes with pen and ink are a bit of a problem. It does not work to put more layers of paint on, as the paint itself, you could say, is translucent.

You can sometimes amend your work with a grainy ink rubber, but do wait until your paint is dry. Do not be heavy handed or it will take away the surface and mess the ink and paint up. So remember, a light touch is needed with the rubber. Leave some white, unpainted, areas on your work to give a bit of contrast!

Pens and Ink

By Peter Gitundu

The word pen is derived from a Latin word, 'Penna', that means feather. They assist us in all our endeavors to transfer some colored liquid used for writing purposes to paper in the form of drawing or writing. From this we can see that these writing instruments cannot be used in isolation from the ink. They come in many different sizes, designs and shapes and thus have acquired different names depending on these characteristics. We have quite a number of these varied writing instruments like the ballpoint, fountain, roller ball, felt and porous among many more.

The liquid used together with the writing instruments comes in different shade of different colors like black, blue, green and red. Pen and Ink is a unique method of writing and drawing at the same time, a method that uses this tool instead of the usual drawing brush. You will find it to be quite an interesting activity because the result of the artwork you achieve looks like some overlapping sketches.

This concept is what is commonly used for the art of calligraphy. Calligraphy is some form of artistic work that is considered to be beautiful and skillful. If you combine different writing tools and different liquid colors, you will be amazed at the result you will achieve. Different tools will give you some varied lines that will add to the general outlook.

The history of the writing tool and the liquid artwork in the western world dates back to the 9th century by the Winchester and Canterbury. They used expressive figures and animals to represent beauty. In China and Korea, the pen and ink culture was so much a part of the people's lives between 1644 and 1912. It still a common phenomenon in the modern world.

Fountain Pens And Ink - How To Fill And Care For Your Fountain Pen

By James R Young

Fountain pens take us back in time and let us blissfully remember a life that wasn't so given - and times that were not so stressful. When we use a fountain pen to write a letter to one whom we hold dear, it takes on special meaning to him or her upon reception. It holds more power than a commonly-written letter. The verse there is attention-grabbing and demanding of respect. Words written with a fountain pen are evident, and they display magic in every syllable.

Collecting and utilizing fountain pens is an activity that vast amounts of people around the world are extremely fond of. But there are rules - always rules! If you want to maximize your enjoyment of your fountain pen collectibles, you must know how to care for them properly. Many collector fountain pens demand a heavy price tag and they should be looked after as such. Here is your guide to best care for and maintain your set of valuable fountain pens:

Only converters or piston fountain pens can be filled from a bottle of ink. To fill, depress the piston fully and submerge the entire nib into the ink. Turn the end of the converter or barrel so that the ink is drawn into the pen's reservoir. You should repeat this process a few times to ensure that you getting the most ink possible into the reservoir.

If you wish to use disposable ink cartridges, you need a fountain pen that does not have a piston filler. Simply remove the converter and push the cartridge into place until you hear it snap in. Mate the pen's nib section with small ball or barrier of plastic. When you position the cartridge correctly, it will snap in and puncture its end. Now your ready to write!

You should clean your fountain pens every time that you decide to change either the color or brand of your ink.If you are cleaning a converter or piston type pen, simply submerge the pen in water and then draw the water into and push it out of the ink reservoir until it runs clear. If you use a cartridge fountain pen, simply remove and discard the used cartridge and run water through the nib feeding mechanism. Let it continue to run through the nib until it runs clear. Now, sit your fountain pen on an absorbant towel with the nib making contact. This will draw out any water or moisture that may remain inside of your pen.

Do not use soap or cleansers for fountain pen cleaning. If you feel that your pen requires more cleaning than described here, it is best to send it to the manufacturer for a cleaning by professionals.

Always protect the nib of your fountain pens when transporting them or just carrying them with you. Most quality fountain pens come with a carrying case. Try to always face the nib upwards when in motion. Protect it gently and don't allow a lot of bouncing around.

Fountain pens love usage! They need to be feel needed. Use your pen regularly to keep it in great shape.Without usage, the ink will begin to dry up inside of the reservoir. It will coagulate and become difficult to clean. It will also tend to break loose when you do use your pen and cause skips, smears and smudging. The rule of thumb is to use your fountain pen at least once a week or simply rinse it out for extended storage.

Fountain pens are wonderful writing utensils, keepsakes and gifts! Take good care of your and it will literally last forever.

A Passion for Pens is a specialist UK provider of fine writing implements from major manufacturers.

Different Visual Arts Materials

By Che Mayo Guevara

Artists create images by using many types of materials - paint, pencil, charcoal, pastels and ink, to name a few.

Painters have many kinds of paint to choose from. All paints are made with a colored powder known as pigment, which is mixed with a liquid base to form the paint. When the base dries, it acts like glue to sick the pigment to the canvas.

Tempera Paint - uses a base made of egg yolks. It dries quickly with the smooth matte finish and retains its color for a long time - which is a good thing, since tempera paint has been used for thousands of years. Example: Tempera painting by Sandro Botticelli.

Water Colors - made by mixing pigment in water, have also been used by artists from all over the world in various forms since ancient times.

Oil Paints - uses oil as a base and has a thick consistency. It has been around for hundreds of years and has been used for many famous paintings. Oil paint can create highly detailed and rich images, but it takes a long time to dry and tends to darken and yellow with age. Example: Oil painting by Edouard Manet.

Acrylic - is a much new type of paint. Acrylic paint uses a synthetic base and dries faster than oil, but it cannot be as easily altered or blended on the canvas.

While painting is most commonly done with a brush, many artists have also painted with other objects, including their fingers, a palette knife and air brushes, or even throw paint at the canvas.

The ordinary pencil is used by many artists and can create a wide range of shading and detail in drawings. Different kinds of pencils produce darker, lighter, softer or finer lines - and even different colors. An eraser can also come in handy.

Charcoal - is great for sketches for shading large areas of a drawing quickly. It can provide a strong, dark line, but also smudges easily. Example: Charcoal painting by Albrecht Durer.

Pastels - have existed for hundreds of years and can be used to create brilliant colors or subtle textures. The pastel itself is almost like crayon or piece of chalk, made of pigment held together with a binding material. Example: Pastel painting by Edgar Degas.

Pen and Ink - in the hand of a skillful artist, pen and ink can be used to create quick sketches, detailed line drawing and more. Example: Pen and Ink painting by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.


Pen And Ink
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